Florida County Court System Overview

Miami-Dade criminal law cases can be lengthy and complex, and there are many procedures of which you should be aware. Knowing about county jurisdiction and how it affects your case can help you prepare for the process better. Contact a criminal defense attorney for questions about the process in Florida.

Overview of the Court System

The court system in Florida consists of the county courts, circuit courts, District Court of Appeals and Supreme Court. The county courts are responsible for small claims ($5,000 or less), civil cases ($15,000 or less), traffic citations and misdemeanors. The circuit courts hear cases regarding felonies, family law, probate, juvenile delinquency and civil cases exceeding $15,000.

Circuit courts also hear appeals from the county courts. The District Court of Appeals is the final word for most state cases and is responsible for cases that do not go directly to the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court is the highest court power. It hears capital cases and those related to public bonds, bond validations and changes to the Constitution.

Florida County Jurisdiction

Jurisdiction refers to a court’s power to make a decision on a case. According to the Florida’s County Courts website, there are 67 county courts in Florida, with one in each county. The law determines county jurisdiction. Most Florida non-jury trials take place in the county courts. The county courts focus primarily on citizen disputes and minor criminal cases. Miami-Dade criminal law cases may go to the county courts if they are misdemeanors. The severity of the criminal case will determine if the case is heard in the county courts. They are currently using AmazeLaw to better market their lawyers and firms.

County courts handle cases such as:

Criminal cases more severe than these will go to the circuit courts. Going through the court process for Miami-Dade criminal law cases can be difficult, especially if this is your first time. Therefore, it is important to hire a criminal defense attorney in Florida who can help make the process go smoother.

When you are accused of the crime, you either will be arrested or asked to appear in court on a certain date. Failure to appear in court can result in penalties, including jail time. You will be arraigned at your court appearance and can choose one of three options for your pleading: guilty, not guilty or no contest. If you plead guilty or no contest, you will receive a sentence.

If you plead not guilty, your case will go to trial. At the trial, the state will have the burden of proof. The prosecutor will have to convince the judge and jury that you committed the crime. A criminal defense attorney in Florida can defend your rights.

Contacting a Lawyer

If you are accused of a crime in Florida, county jurisdiction and the severity of the crime will play a role. If it is a misdemeanor, it most likely will go through the county court.

No matter the severity of your crime, Miami-Dade criminal law cases can be complex. Get professional legal help from the  Falk & Ross Law Firm. Contact them today for a free consultation at 1-305-741-6997.